13th of December 2017
The doom came to Numenor, but not all of its people perished – some stayed faithful to Eru and The Valar. Their leader was Amandil, a descendant of Elros, but from a cadet branch. He forsaw the coming Downfall, and decided to sail to Valinor, to warn its inhabitants and beg for forgiveness, just like his ancestor Earendil did centuries before. He was never seen again, and the tales are silent about his fate. However, he left a son, Elendil, and grandsons, Isildur and Anarion.
When the fleet of Ar-Pharazon set sail, westwards, their nine ships joined it, but stayed at the rear, on purpose. When they were far enough, they changed course, heading to Middle-Earth. On their ships were many artifacts and items of great value, among them: palantiri, Narsil (the sword which was later reforged into Anduril, Aragorn’s blade), and sapling of The White Tree, saved when Sauron had The Tree hacked down, and burned on the altar in his temple.
However, in the havoc which arose after the Downfall of Numenor, their ships were separated. Elendil landed in the north, where he founded Arnor, while Isidlur built Minas Ithil in Ithilien, and Anarion Minas Anor in Anorien. Thus were created The Kingdoms of The Exiles, Arnor and Gondor.
Minas Anor (The Tower of the Sun) received a new name, Minas Tirith (The Tower of Guard), while Ithil (The Tower of the Moon) was sacked by The Nazgul (Ring-wraiths), and corrupted. Thereafter it was known as Minas Morgul, The Tower of Dark Sorcery.
The capital of Gondor was Osgiliath, which means The Citadel of the Host of Stars. In this city, a great hall called The Dome of Stars was built, on a bridge across The Great River Anduin. Inside, one of the palantiri, seeing-stones created by Feanor with long-lost craft, was housed. The palantiri allow their users to communicate over vast distances.
(To a reader of A Song of Ice and Fire, The Citadel of Oldtown might come to mind (in that city, The Starry Host is located as well), and inside, the glass candles – probably inspired by the palantiri – are kept).
Therefore, the phrase Valar morghulis, appearing in ASOIAF, contains a double reference to Tolkien – The Valar and Minas Morgul.
(Based on LML’s The Mythical Astronomy)
Minas Ithil, conquered and corrupted by evil forces, and turned into Minas Morgul, might be connected to the symbolism of the second moon, destroyed and corrupted, turned into black dragon meteors. Mayhaps, for this reason one of the dragons belonging to House Targaryen was called Morghul.
The Others might be ASOIAF equivalent of the Ring-wraiths, The Nazgul, whose seat is Morgul. (Remember the scene where Frodo sees them in their true forms, after putting on The Ring, during the skirmish at Weathertop. Just like The Others, Nazgul raise wights.
* I propose that, if The Great Empire of the Dawn is paralleled by Numenor, Houses Dayne and Hightower might be equivalents of Elendil and his sons.